All offices are separated by semi-colons. Why? because each office separated means that it is exclusive from the others- this is on purpose. In Ephesians 4:11, notice that Pastors and Teachers are together. The omission of the Pastor and Teachers together, seems to indicate that Pastors and Teachers are included under one class. The two belong together. No man is fit to be a Pastor who cannot also teach, and the Teacher needs the knowledge which Pastoral experience gives.
The word pastor literally means, “shepherd.” A pastor is the shepherd of a local church flock. He is responsible to teach, exhort, protect, correct, comfort and discipline his flock. He has authority to watch over the flock (Hebrews 13:17) and to be an example (1 Peter 5:2-3). As a good shepherd, the pastor leads the sheep to pasture and water. One of his main duties is to feed the flock (Jeremiah 3:15; 23:4; Acts 20:28; 1 Peter 5:2-3).
As teacher is one who expounds and interprets the Word of GOD. He does not just impart knowledge, but living truth, which can be applied to the lives of people. Teachers build on the foundation laid by the apostles and prophets (1 Corinthians 3.10). All those who function in the five-fold ministry must be “able to teach” (1 Timothy 3:2).
It is vitally important to acknowledge that GOD himself reveals himself as the Shepherd of Israel or Pastor (Psalms 80:1), and describes his work in Ezekiel 34: 12-22:
“As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among
his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and
will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered
in the cloudy and dark day. 13 And I will bring them out
from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will
bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains
of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of
the country. 14 I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon
the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they
lie in a good fold, and in a fat pasture shall they feed upon the
mountains of Israel. 15 I will feed my flock, and I will cause
them to lie down, saith the Lord GOD. 16 I will seek that
which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away,
and will bind up that which was broken, and will strengthen
that which was sick: but I will destroy the fat and the strong; I
will feed them with judgment.”
Primary Works of Pastor's Include
1. A pastor has received a spiritual gift from GOD and is ordained by GOD to that "gift". An elder is ordained by man to the elder’s “office".
2. A pastor is primarily for the sheep. An elder is for oversight of the local church, which includes both saved and lost who are in the congregation.
3. A pastor's primary duties include feeding, healing, seeking, and restoration of the sheep. It does not extend to evangelizing, administering, ruling, or dealing with the unsaved (although it does not exclude these in the function of a soul-winning saint). But we are speaking of the specific functions of pastors. The style of ministry for the pastor to the sheep differs from the
style of ministry of the evangelist to the unsaved.